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Tuesday, July 28, 2020 | History

2 edition of Artificial production of precipitation found in the catalog.

Artificial production of precipitation

Richard D. Coons

Artificial production of precipitation

third partial report, Orographic stratiform clouds, California 1949 ; fourth partial report, Cumuliform clouds, Gulf states, 1949

by Richard D. Coons

  • 296 Want to read
  • 29 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Weather Bureau in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Precipitation (Meteorology),
  • Rain-making.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesThird partial report, Orographic stratiform clouds, California, 1949, Fourth partial report, Cumuliform clouds, Gulf states, 1949
    Statementby Richard D. Coons, Earl L. Jones, and Ross Gunn.
    SeriesResearch paper -- no. 33, Research paper (United States. Weather Bureau) -- no. 33.
    ContributionsJones, Earl L., Gunn, Ross, 1897-1966., United States. Weather Bureau.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination46 p. :
    Number of Pages46
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22972214M

    Senior Production Engineer, QRI. Dr. Davani is a senior production engineer at Quantum Reservoir Impact (QRI) with over 10 years of worldwide industry experience. He has an extensive knowledge in artificial lift optimization, integrated production modeling, digital oil field and asset management.   eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THE can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THE is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.).

      The book also describes the three main kinds of clouds, as well as a variety of other cloud types that are mainly combinations of the three main cloud types. The book describes different types of precipitation (e.g., rain, drizzle, shower) and different kinds of snow (e.g., flurries, blizzard). From the Introduction: 'This publication includes instructions in the following areas: 1. Methods for production of planting stock. 2. Site preparation 3. Planting of nursery grown seedlings 4. Broadcast sowing on the site to be reforested 5. Plantation care and protection from fire, insects, disease, rodents, and browsing animals.'.

    Precipitation is produced whenever moist air rises sufficiently to produce saturation, condensation, and the growth of the precipitation particles. Thunderstorms, with updraft wind components of more than 30 m/sec (67 mph), carry moist low-level air to the tropopause, the upper boundary of the troposphere, and hence can produce heavy.   Augmenting the winter snowpack through glaciogenic seeding has been considered since artificial ice nuclei were shown to produce ice crystals in clouds containing supercooled liquid water (SLW; Schaefer ; Vonnegut ).Orographic clouds, which develop when air is cooled by being forced up and over a mountain barrier, are often targeted for wintertime glaciogenic cloud seeding Cited by: 1.


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Artificial production of precipitation by Richard D. Coons Download PDF EPUB FB2

It’s a practice of artificially inducing or increasing precipitation through clouds by adding external agents. The foreign particles which are drenched over these clouds can be Dry Ice(solid carbon dioxide), Silver Iodide, Salt powder etc.

This process is known as Cloud Artificial production of precipitation book is done by aeroplanes or rockets. Get this from a library. First partial report on the artificial production of precipitation: stratiform clouds--Ohio, [Richard D Coons; Robert Cecil Gentry; Ross Gunn; United States. Weather Bureau.] -- The basic objective of this Project was to determine in definite quantitative terms the practical limits and general utility of cloud modification processes in producing or suppressing.

Rainmaking, also known as artificial precipitation, artificial rainfall and pluviculture, is the act of attempting to artificially induce or increase precipitation, usually to stave off drought or the wider global ing to the clouds' different physical properties, this can be done using airplanes or rockets to sow to the clouds with catalysts such as dry ice, silver iodide and.

Snowmaking is the production of snow by forcing water and pressurized air through a "snow gun," also known as a "snow cannon."Snowmaking is mainly used at ski resorts to supplement natural snow.

This allows ski resorts to improve the reliability of their snow cover and to extend their ski seasons from late autumn to early spring. Precipitation efficiency can be defined as the percentage of condensed water within a cloud system that reaches the ground as precipitation.

The remainder of the condensed water in the cloud is returned to vapor form through various processes. This loss back to vapor at the cloud edges constitutes a loss to the precipitation process. PrecipitationFile Size: KB. War and the weather, or, The artificial production of rain.

(Chicago, S. Griggs, ), by Edward Powers (page images at HathiTrust) Feasibility of beneficial hurricane modification by carbon dust seeding / (Fort Collins, Colo.: Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, ), by William M.

Gray and Colorado State University. from book Encyclopedia of Artificial Production of Snow and winter precipitation represents 36–46% of annual precipitation. Artificial snowmaking from water within West Branch watershed. Artificial raining is done by clod seeding.

It is weather modification by dispersing substances into the air that served as clod condensation or ice nuclei. Harmful effects of this are as follow, 1. Silver iodide used for such rain can cause tempo. Precipitation hardening is a strengthening mechanism very common in many classes of metallic materials, from Al and Cu alloys to high-strength steels.

From: Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Oil and Gas Industry, R.E. Smallman, A.H.W. Ngan, in Modern Physical Metallurgy (Eighth Edition), Precipitation-hardening alloys can achieve high strength, ranging from to MPa (– ksi).

Grade PH Mo(h) (UNS S ) has a yield strength of MPa ( ksi) and corresponding hardness of above 46 HRC, but the elongation, which is a measure of ductility, ranges from 1% to 15%, seriously low in all PH alloys. Coons R.D., Gunn R.

() Relation of Artificial Cloud-Modification to the Production of Precipitation. In: Malone T.F. (eds) Compendium of Meteorology.

American Meteorological Society, Boston, MACited by: 6. many studies evaluated the skill of AOGCMs (Cheng et al., ), uncertainty in climate projections and changes in mean annual and seasonal precipitation and temperature (H.-I.

Eum, Dibike, & Prowse, ; Leong & Donner, ) for the Athabasca River basin. More details on literature review are in Appendix I. Chemical precipitation, formation of a separable solid substance from a solution, either by converting the substance into an insoluble form or by changing the composition of the solvent to diminish the solubility of the substance in it.

The distinction between precipitation and crystallization. BEIJING - China will begin four regional programs to artificially increase precipitation across the country beforeaccording to the newly released 12th Five-Year Plan () for. Artificial turf “can be used quickly after installation, usually within a few days, rather than the weeks it takes for a sod to become robust enough for use” (Simon, ).

It also has the capabilities of being “used in snow, and in general is not affected by precipitation due to. Age hardening, also known as precipitation hardening, is a type of heat treatment that is used to impart strength to metals and their alloys.

It is called precipitation hardening as it makes use of solid impurities or precipitates for the strengthening process. The metal is aged by either heating it or keeping it stored at lower temperatures so.

The use of Artificial intelligence in agriculture helps the farmers to understand the data insights such as temperature, precipitation, wind speed, and solar radiation.

The data analysis of historic values, offers a better comparison of the desired outcomes. Struvite Preventer STSP: The other option is to use the Struvite Remover STSR or Struvite Preventer STSP (added polymer) and dose between ppm (on average).

Dosing helps prevent struvite scale buildup by lowering the pH and dispersing/inhibiting the formation of on: Star of India Lane, Carson, The precipitation process and reaction kinetics during artificial aging, precipitate microstructure, and mechanical properties after aging of AlMgSi alloys were investigated employing in-situ.

The aim of ensemble precipitation prediction in this paper was to achieve the best performance via artificial intelligence (AI) based modeling. In this way, ensemble AI based modeling was proposed for prediction of monthly precipitation with three different AI models (feed forward neural network-FFNN, adaptive neural fuzzy inference system-ANFIS and least square support vector machine-LSSVM Cited by: 3.

Climate change challenges societal functioning, likely requiring considerable adaptation to cope with future altered weather patterns. Machine learning (ML) algorithms have advanced dramatically, triggering breakthroughs in other research sectors, and recently suggested as aiding climate analysis (Reichstein et al Nature –, Schneider et al : Chris Huntingford, Elizabeth S Jeffers, Michael B Bonsall, Hannah M Christensen, Thomas Lees, Hui Ya.The invention pertains to a method of producing fresh water utilizing modification of air mass conditions by injecting sea water into solar-heated air to evaporate sea water into the atmosphere and increase the air water vapor content, and thereby greatly increase the capacity of the so modified air mass for absorbing the available radiant energy for warming the air by solar and terrestial Cited by: 9.The use of crop modeling as a decision tool by farmers and other decision-makers in the agricultural sector to improve production efficiency has been on the increase.

In this study, artificial neural network (ANN) models were used for predicting maize in the major maize producing provinces of South Africa. The maize production prediction and projection analysis were carried out using the Author: Omolola M.

Adisa, Joel O. Botai, Abiodun M. Adeola, Abubeker Hassen, Christina M. Botai, Daniel Dark.